The J-1 Banshees were considered the best of the photo reconnaissance aircraft in Korea and the squadron was credited with providing the highest percentage of the film taken by any unit in the Far East Air Forces and was assigned to the highest value targets ranging from the Main Line of Resistance to the Yalu River on the China border. The Banshees were often engaged by Migs and were usually escorted by F fighters. In the ensuing fifteen months, the Black Sheep covered all aspects of Marine aviation, including instrument flying, bombing, rocketry, strafing, air-to-air gunnery, field carrier landing practice, carrier qualifications, and high and low altitude special weapon drops becoming the first Marine squadron to be qualified in special weapons delivery.
The Banshee on display was delivered to the U. This Banshee was retired in with 1, total airframe hours. It is on loan from the National Museum of the Marine Corps. Dimensions Length: 40 ft, 2 in Wing Span: 44 ft, 10 in Height: 14 ft, 6 in. Total F9F production was 1, The design evolved into the swept wing Grumman F-9 Cougar.
Development studies at Grumman for jet-powered fighter aircraft began near the end of World War II as the first jet engines emerged. Grumman soon realized the G was a dead end, but had been working on a completely different, single-engine day fighter, the G In a bureaucratic maneuver, BuAer did not cancel the G contract, but changed the wording to include three prototypes of the entirely different G It became the Panther. The prototype Panther, piloted by test pilot Corky Meyer, first flew on 21 November Since there was insufficient space within the wings and fuselage for fuel for the thirsty jet, permanently mounted wingtip fuel tanks were added, which incidentally improved the fighter's rate of roll.
The F9F was cleared for flight from aircraft carriers in September The other engine that had been tested was the Allison J33 -A From , a swept-wing version was considered and after concerns about the Panther's inferiority to its MiG opponents in Korea, a conversion, known as Design 93, resulted in a swept-wing derivative, the F9F Cougar , which retained the Panther's designation number.
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An immediately available stop-gap in the shape of the Gloster Meteor F. The Panther was the most widely used U.
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Navy jet fighter of the Korean War , flying 78, sorties and scoring the first air-to-air kill by the U. Navy in the war, the downing of a North Korean Yakovlev Yak-9 fighter. F9F-2s, F9F-3s and F9F-5s, as rugged attack aircraft, were able to sustain operations, even in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire.
Naval Fighters Series
The pilots also appreciated the air conditioned cockpit, which was a welcome change from the humid environment of piston-powered aircraft. On 3 July , Lieutenant, junior grade Leonard H.
Plog of U. Navy air victory of the war by shooting down a Yak Two more MiGs were downed on 18 November On 18 November , Lt.
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This unique feat has remained little-known, due to the involvement of National Security Agency NSA — the existence of which was then top secret — in planning the mission. After losing contact with his wingman, Williams found himself alone in a dogfight with six MiGs; when he was able to land on Oriskany , his Panther was found to have sustained hits by cannon shells or fragments, and to be beyond repair.
Williams' victories were even more notable in that all four MiGs were flown by Soviet Naval Aviation pilots: Russian sources confirmed Williams' claims, 40 years later, stating that the pilots lost were Captains Belyakov and Vandalov, and Lieutenants Pakhomkin and Tarshinov.
Future astronaut Neil Armstrong flew the F9F extensively during the war, even ejecting from one of the aircraft when it was brought down by a wire strung across a valley, in Panthers were withdrawn from front-line service in , but remained in training roles and with U. Naval Air Reserve and U. Marine Air Reserve units until The Navy's Blue Angels flight demonstration team used the Panther for four years, beginning in The Panther was the Blue Angels' first jet.
Only 24 aircraft were put in service, the rest were used as spares.
Colorful Gray & White F9F-8 Cougars
The first flight of an Argentine Panther was in December , and the last aircraft was put in service in January The catapults on the then only Argentine carrier, ARA Independencia , were considered not powerful enough to launch the F9F, so the aircraft were land-based. The Argentine Panthers were involved in the general mobilization during the border clash between Argentina and Chile but no combat occurred.
They were taken out of service in due to the lack of spare parts and replaced with Douglas A-4Q Skyhawks. The Argentine Navy also operated the F-9 Cougar. Data from United States Navy Aircraft since .
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Korean Combat the U. Tried to Forget. Instituto Aeronaval. Archived from the original on Retrieved Retrieved: 24 January Pictorial and history in Argentine service. Retrieved: 19 July Retrieved: 18 October