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Copyright Basics - Office of the General Counsel - University of San Diego

Works whose copyright term has expired are part of the public domain. Copyright Information Center: Copyright Basics. What is Copyright? What Does Copyright Protect Copyright PROTECTS original works fixed in a tangible medium this includes works found on websites, blogs, and other electronic mediums : literary works musical works, including accompanying words dramatic works, including accompanying music pantomimes and choreographic works pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works motion pictures and other audiovisual works sound recordings architectural works Copyright DOES NOT protect: procedures, processes, systems, methods of operation these fall under patent law ideas, concepts, principles, or discoveries titles, names, short phrases and slogans; familiar symbols or designs, mere variations of typographic ornamentation, lettering, mere listings of ingredients or contents these do not meet the criteria of originality other unoriginal or unfixed works.

How Does a Creator Get Copyright? How does the creator of a work get copyright? How Long Does Copyright Last?

What is copyright?

For the most recent copyright law established in the duration of copyright was extended to the life of the author plus 70 years If a work of corporate authorship, 95 years from publication or years from creation, whichever expires first See here for a full listing of copyright terms or use the Digital Copyright Slider to help determine if a particular work is still under copyright. Report a problem.

100-minute Business Course

While you should still cite and give attribution to the owner of the website, it is not usually required to request permission to link to the webiste. Direct link to the CCC.

Here you can find information on copyright, including any fees for permission. Toggle navigation. Copyright This guide is to inform you about about some basic copyright issues. It does not constitute legal advice in any manner.

Copyright for students and faculty: Copyright Basics

Copyright Basics What is copyright? This allows the owner of the copyrighted material to: Make copies Distribute copies including using the Internet Prepare derivative works based on the original work Perform the work publicly Display the work publicly What is protected? Transformative uses, uses that result in the creation of a new work, with a new purpose and different character are favored as fair uses over uses that merely reproduce an original work.

Second Factor: The Nature of the Copyrighted Work Factual works, published works and scientific articles that are factual in nature are more likely to be considered available for fair use than are creative, imaginative, artistic, or unpublished works. Third Factor: Amount and Substantiality of the Portion Used There are no hard and fast rules concerning how much of a work may be used under fair use but as a general rule of thumb, use only the portion of the work needed to accomplish your purpose and definitely less than the whole work.

Amount and substantiality is also a qualitative measure and at times use of even a small portion of a work may be considered too much to qualify as a fair use if that portion used is considered to be the "heart of the work. Fourth Factor: Effect on the Potential Market for or Value of the Work Generally, the consideration for this factor is whether or not there is some economic harm to the owner of the copyright as a result of your use.

If the first three factors weigh in favor of fair use then market harm should carry less weight even when considering the permissions market, since the market is for permissions that are required. Conversely, if the first three factors are tipping the balance in favor of permission then market harm will carry more weight in the balancing of the factors.

UNC Copyright Policy

This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. Constitution, Article 1, Section 8. Authors may choose to sell or assign some or all of their exclusive rights to other individuals or corporations. In general, it is illegal for someone other than the copyright owner to exercise these exclusive rights.

Copyright: Copyright Basics

Title 17, Section Protected Works. Literary works. Musical works, including accompanying words. Dramatic works, including accompanying music. Pantomimes and choreographic works. Pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works. Motion pictures and other audiovisual works.

Sound recordings. A rchitectural works.

Unprotected Works. Titles, names, short phrases and slogans; familiar symbols or designs, mere variations of typographic ornamentation, lettering, mere listings of ingredients or contents.

Ideas, procedures, methods, systems, processes, concepts, principles, discoveries, or devices, as distinguished from a description, explanation, or illustration.