Prisoners and Parcels, 1940–1
School Donation Program In Memory of How To Swap Books? Don B. Camera in Colditz by Ron Baybutt. Book Votes: 0. Though only one among hundreds of prison camps in which British servicemen were held between and , Colditz enjoys unparalleled name recognition both in Britain and in other parts of the English-speaking world. Colditz remains a potent symbol of key virtues--including ingenuity and Colditz remains a potent symbol of key virtues--including ingenuity and perseverance against apparently overwhelming odds--that form part of the popular mythology surrounding the British war effort in World War II.
Colditz has played a major role in shaping perceptions of the POW experience in Nazi Germany, an experience in which escaping is assumed to be paramount and "Outwitting the Hun" a universal sport. The story of Colditz has been told in a variety of forms but in this book MacKenzie chronicles the development of the Colditz myth and puts what happened inside the castle in the context of British and Commonwealth POW life in Germany as a whole.
The Colditz myth British and Commonwealth prisoners of war in Nazi Germany | Imperial War Museums
Being a captive of the Third Reich--from the moment of surrender down to the day of liberation and repatriation --was more complicated and a good deal tougher than the popular myth would suggest. The physical and mental demands of survival far outweighed escaping activity in order of importance in most camps almost all of the time, and even in Colditz the reality was in some respects very different from the almost Boy's Own caricature that developed during the post-war decades.
In The Colditz Myth MacKenzie seeks,for the first time,to place Colditz--both the camp and the legend-- in a wider historical context. The aspects of World War II that have been most studied and written about are the politics that led up to the war and that were most prominent during the war. There are also many books and films dedicated to the Holocaust and important battles. We also hear about soldiers and their leaders while We also hear about soldiers and their leaders while they were on the battlefields, but not much has been noted about their time as prisoners of war.
The castle gets its name from the town where it stands Colditz , located near Leipzig. It was built in the middle of the 11th century, was enlarged as time passed, and became a royal residence by the s. Before it became a prison camp in , it served as a poorhouse and a mental asylum, and a hospital and nursing home soon after the war ended. The book features color and black-and-white photographs of the castle and its prisoners. There are also detailed maps and illustrations that depict some of the more important events that occurred in Colditz during this period, and readers what the castle looked like when it was first built in the 11th century.
Filled with the thrilling never-before-told personal stories of the prisoners of war held within it's walls -- who made it their personal duty and Filled with the thrilling never-before-told personal stories of the prisoners of war held within it's walls -- who made it their personal duty and obsession to escape -- Colditz offers endlessly intriguing stories of consummate survivors who proved the human spirit to be indomitable.
Its massive walls contained every persistent escapee, troublemaker, and valuable hostage captured by the Germans. Guards and prisoners were almost equal in number, and Colditz -- which boasted such prison-break deterrents as walls up to twelve feet thick, battlements of solid rock, and a foot drop from the castle to the valley below -- was considered escape proof.
But the prisoners -- many of whom were high-ranking military officers -- were determined to accomplish the impossible and pooled their collective talents to create the greatest escape academy of the war. Three hundred officers attempted to escape and thirty achieved what they considered to be the home run, journeying all the way back to their native country. In Colditz, Henry Chancellor breaks new ground by offering the prisoners' own stories of the great escapes.
Using more than fifty original interviews, the English, French, Dutch, and Polish officers and their guards describe in their own words their experiences in the notorious castle. They reveal their boredom and frustrations, as well as the challenges inherent in making maps out of jelly or constructing tunnels with mere cutlery knives. The stories are by turns comic and tragic as much of their labor and invention ended in failure, but what emerges is a story of breathtaking ingenuity and daring, and an intriguing portrait of the fascinating game of wits between captives and captors, who were bound together by mutual respect and extraordinary tolerance.
Reinhold Eggers, on staff there for the greater part of the war, relates how he discharged, with varying success, his duty of preventing escapes. Recounts the stories of astonishing escapes and escape attempts made during World War II from Colditz Castle, the POW camp reserved by the Third Reich for the most ingenious, persistent escape artists from lesser camps.
Australian POW in German Captivity in the Second World War
Over forty years of research has resulted in this exceptional photographic history of life within Colditz Castle, the infamous Second World War prisoner of war camp in Germany, which housed such illustrious names as Douglas Bader, Lorne Welch, Micky Burns and Jack Best. Michael Booker has Michael Booker has accumulated a wealth of information from talking to ex-POWs, as well as the German commandant Prawitt and the head of security Captain Eggers.
He relates fascinating and hitherto unpublished stories of British, Polish and French prisoners, and their many and varied attempts to escape. The ambitious study presents four main arguments. This book combines qualitative and quantitative approaches to produce a very sensitive reading of challenging sources. Similarly, the German prison guards themselves scarcely left any testimony, feeling that their experiences were not interesting enough to warrant publishing.
The principal strength of this work lies in the richness of its sources and of the resulting narrative. Clearly and confidently written, this book will prove edifying to scholars of World War II and diplomatic historians, as well as historians of France or Germany who could not have achieved full understanding of this complex subject by relying on the scholarship or archives of either country alone. They entered the saloon bar to find it heaving with Germans, who, since one was having a birthday, had been given special permission by the Irish to wear Nazi uniforms outside the camp instead of the customary civvies.
To add to the Canadians' confusion, the Germans shouted at them to 'go to their own bar'. The landlord had found the best way to stop Allied versus Nazi brawls was to allocate the public bar to one group and the saloon to the other. The single most extraordinary K Lines episode documented in the Dublin archives also illustrates the serious political implications of the Curragh camp to the war effort, regardless of how funny it may seem now.
After ditching his plane in County Donegal, he was picked up by the Garda and, to his fury, interned. Wolfe found himself with over 40 British, Canadian, New Zealand, French and Polish airmen, magnificently fed, on courteous terms with the guards - and just across a corrugated-iron fence, only four feet high, from several hundred men of the Luftwaffe and the German Navy who had strayed into Eire because their planes had run out of fuel, or their U-boats had been shipwrecked.
The K Lines rules, such as they were, were explained to Wolfe by the senior Allied men. He was told that he would receive his full service pay and get supplied a radio and newspapers from home. His laundry would be done. The prisoners could go out by signing a parole paper at the guardhouse, where bicycles were also provided.
On the form, they gave their word of honour not to escape. The same applied to the Germans. Several German prisoners enrolled for educational courses in Dublin where they could also visit their country's legation, on which the Swastika fluttered. Allied prisoners could similarly visit their own countries' missions to Eire, but went to Dublin less than the Germans, because they were anxious not to seem to be enjoying too easy a war. The Germans were the more organised POWs, wearing uniforms, planting gardens and making tennis courts, organising exercise classes and singing Nazi songs to taunt the Allies.
Once, Irish records relate, they set up a court to convict a comrade of treason. They sentenced him to death and asked the Irish for a rifle and one bullet. The Irish refused.
by Martin Sugarman
Not only did they want to avoid anyone getting hurt in their custody but, unbeknown to the prisoners, the guards did not have any live ammunition. The execution was abandoned. But the Germans were not averse to enjoying internment, either. On the Allied side a downed Spitfire pilot, Aubrey Covington, prided himself on keeping the bar, where drinks were 10 US cents a shot. An honour system prevailed - prisoners poured their own and wrote the tally in the book. The British were the more relaxed prisoners. Some brought their families to live nearby.
One officer had his horse shipped over and became a regular with the local hunt. Others joined rugby, soccer and table tennis clubs.