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The Armenians identified their legendary patriarch and founder Hayk with Orion. Hayk is also the name of the Orion constellation in the Armenian translation of the Bible. Though, this name perhaps is etymologically connected with "Kislev", the name for the ninth month of the Hebrew calendar i. Orion's current name derives from Greek mythology , in which Orion was a gigantic, supernaturally strong hunter of ancient times, [11] born to Euryale , a Gorgon , and Poseidon Neptune , god of the sea in the Graeco-Roman tradition.

One myth recounts Gaia 's rage at Orion, who dared to say that he would kill every animal on the planet. The angry goddess tried to dispatch Orion with a scorpion. This is given as the reason that the constellations of Scorpius and Orion are never in the sky at the same time. However, Ophiuchus , the Serpent Bearer, revived Orion with an antidote. This is said to be the reason that the constellation of Ophiuchus stands midway between the Scorpion and the Hunter in the sky. The constellation is mentioned in Horace 's Odes Ode 3. In medieval Muslim astronomy , Orion was known as al-jabbar , "the giant".

See Chinese constellations. The Mriga means Deer, locally known as Harnu in folk parlance. There are many folk songs narrating the Harnu. In Scandinavian tradition, "Orion's belt" was known as Frigg 's Distaff friggerock or Freyja 's distaff. In Siberia , the Chukchi people see Orion as a hunter; an arrow he has shot is represented by Aldebaran Alpha Tauri , with the same figure as other Western depictions.


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The Seri people of northwestern Mexico call the three stars in the belt of Orion Hapj a name denoting a hunter which consists of three stars: Hap mule deer , Haamoja pronghorn , and Mojet bighorn sheep. The Ojibwa Chippewa Native Americans call this constellation Kabibona'kan, the Winter Maker, as its presence in the night sky heralds winter.

Orion (constellation) - Wikipedia

The great rectangle of Orion are the bison's ribs; the Pleiades star cluster in nearby Taurus is the bison's head; and Sirius in Canis Major, known as Tayamnisinte, is its tail. Another Lakota myth mentions that the bottom half of Orion, the Constellation of the Hand, represented the arm of a chief that was ripped off by the Thunder People as a punishment from the gods for his selfishness.

His daughter offered to marry the person who can retrieve his arm from the sky, so the young warrior Fallen Star whose father was a star and whose mother was human returned his arm and married his daughter, symbolizing harmony between the gods and humanity with the help of the younger generation.

The index finger is represented by Rigel; the Orion Nebula is the thumb; the Belt of Orion is the wrist; and the star Beta Eridani is the pinky finger. The seven primary stars of Orion make up the Polynesian constellation Heiheionakeiki which represents a child's string figure similar to a cat's cradle.

The imagery of the belt and sword has found its way into popular western culture, for example in the form of the shoulder insignia of the 27th Infantry Division of the United States Army during both World Wars, probably owing to a pun on the name of the division's first commander, Major General John F. The film distribution company Orion Pictures used the constellation as its logo. In Star Trek , Orion is famous for its green Orion slave girls. In the movie Blade Runner , the dying replicant Roy Batty introspectively delivers his "Tears in Rain" soliloquy : "I've seen things you people wouldn't believe.

Attack ships on fire off the shoulder of Orion.

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All those moments will be lost in time, like tears in rain. Time to die. In the sci-fi comedy Men In Black , the last words of a dying alien disguised as a human were 'To prevent war, the Galaxy is on Orion's belt'. It was later revealed that 'Orion's belt' referred to the collar of a cat named 'Orion'.

In the sci-fi television series Haven , the Orionid meteor shower is known as the Hunter Meteor Shower. It comes to Haven once every twenty-seven years when the Barn, a space between two worlds, comes to take the mysterious woman away. When the Barn leaves, the Hunter passes safely overhead and The Troubles end, making the town of Haven a haven for the Troubled again. In artistic renderings, the surrounding constellations are sometimes related to Orion: he is depicted standing next to the river Eridanus with his two hunting dogs Canis Major and Canis Minor , fighting Taurus.

He is sometimes depicted hunting Lepus the hare. He sometimes is depicted to have a lion's hide in his hand. There are alternative ways to visualise Orion. From the Southern Hemisphere , Orion is oriented south-upward, and the belt and sword are sometimes called the saucepan or pot in Australia and New Zealand.

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The appellation Driekoningen the Three Kings is also often found in 17th- and 18th-century Dutch star charts and seaman's guides. Even traditional depictions of Orion have varied greatly. Cicero drew Orion in a similar fashion to the modern depiction. The Hunter held an unidentified animal skin aloft in his right hand; his hand was represented by Omicron 2 Orionis and the skin was represented by the 5 stars designated Pi Orionis.

Kappa and Beta Orionis represented his left and right knees, while Eta and Lambda Leporis were his left and right feet, respectively. As in the modern depiction, Delta, Epsilon, and Zeta represented his belt. His left shoulder was represented by Alpha Orionis, and Mu Orionis made up his left arm.

Lambda Orionis was his head and Gamma, his right shoulder. The depiction of Hyginus was similar to that of Cicero, though the two differed in a few important areas. Further Western European and Arabic depictions have followed these two models. Orion is bordered by Taurus to the northwest, Eridanus to the southwest, Lepus to the south, Monoceros to the east, and Gemini to the northeast. Covering square degrees, Orion ranks twenty-sixth of the 88 constellations in size.

Orion is most visible in the evening sky from January to March, [31] winter in the Northern Hemisphere, and summer in the Southern Hemisphere. In the period May—July summer in the Northern Hemisphere, winter in the Southern Hemisphere , Orion is in the daytime sky and thus not visible at most latitudes. However, for much of Antarctica in the Southern Hemisphere's winter months, the Sun is below the horizon even at midday. Stars and thus Orion are then visible at twilight for a few hours around local noon, low in the North. In the Southern Hemisphere's summer months, when Orion is normally visible in the night sky, the constellation is actually not visible in Antarctica because the sun does not set at that time of year south of the Antarctic Circle.

In countries close to the equator e. Kenya, Indonesia, Colombia, Ecuador , Orion appears overhead in December around midnight and in the February evening sky. Orion is very useful as an aid to locating other stars. Additionally, Rigel is part of the Winter Circle asterism. Sirius and Procyon , which may be located from Orion by following imaginary lines see map , also are points in both the Winter Triangle and the Circle.

Orion's seven brightest stars form a distinctive hourglass-shaped asterism, or pattern, in the night sky. Four stars—Rigel, Betelgeuse, Bellatrix and Saiph—form a large roughly rectangular shape, in the centre of which lie the three stars of Orion's Belt — Alnitak , Alnilam and Mintaka. Descending from the 'belt' is a smaller line of three stars, Orion's Sword the middle of which is in fact not a star but the Orion Nebula , also known as the hunter's sword.

Many of the stars are luminous hot blue supergiants, with the stars of the belt and sword forming the Orion OB1 Association. Standing out by its red hue, Betelgeuse may nevertheless be a runaway member of the same group. Iota Orionis is also called Nair al-Saif , Arabic for "the brightest in the sword". Orion's Belt or The Belt of Orion is an asterism within the constellation. Alnitak is around light years away from earth and is , times more luminous than the Sun ; much of its radiation is in the ultraviolet range, which the human eye cannot see.

It is 90, times more luminous than the Sun and is a double star: the two orbit each other every 5. Just southwest of Alnitak lies Sigma Orionis , a multiple star system composed of five stars that have a combined apparent magnitude of 3. Southwest of Mintaka lies the quadruple star Eta Orionis. Three stars comprise a small triangle that marks the head. Phi-1 and Phi-2 Orionis make up the base. Also nearby is the very young star FU Orionis. Stretching north from Betelgeuse are the stars that make up Orion's club. Mu Orionis marks the elbow, Nu and Xi mark the handle of the club, and Chi 1 and Chi 2 mark the end of the club.

Just east of Chi 1 is the Mira-type variable red giant U Orionis.

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Around 20 October each year the Orionid meteor shower Orionids reaches its peak. Coming from the border with the constellation Gemini as many as 20 meteors per hour can be seen. The shower's parent body is Halley's Comet. This is a spectacular object that can be clearly identified with the naked eye as something other than a star.

Using binoculars, its clouds of nascent stars, luminous gas, and dust can be observed. The Trapezium cluster has many newborn stars, including several brown dwarfs , all of which are at an approximate distance of 1, light-years. Named for the four bright stars that form a trapezoid , it is largely illuminated by the brightest stars, which are only a few hundred thousand years old. The constellation is mentioned in Horace 's Odes Ode 3. In medieval Muslim astronomy , Orion was known as al-jabbar , "the giant".

See Chinese constellations. The Mriga means Deer, locally known as Harnu in folk parlance. There are many folk songs narrating the Harnu. In Scandinavian tradition, "Orion's belt" was known as Frigg 's Distaff friggerock or Freyja 's distaff.

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In Siberia , the Chukchi people see Orion as a hunter; an arrow he has shot is represented by Aldebaran Alpha Tauri , with the same figure as other Western depictions. The Seri people of northwestern Mexico call the three stars in the belt of Orion Hapj a name denoting a hunter which consists of three stars: Hap mule deer , Haamoja pronghorn , and Mojet bighorn sheep. The Ojibwa Chippewa Native Americans call this constellation Kabibona'kan, the Winter Maker, as its presence in the night sky heralds winter. The great rectangle of Orion are the bison's ribs; the Pleiades star cluster in nearby Taurus is the bison's head; and Sirius in Canis Major, known as Tayamnisinte, is its tail.

Another Lakota myth mentions that the bottom half of Orion, the Constellation of the Hand, represented the arm of a chief that was ripped off by the Thunder People as a punishment from the gods for his selfishness. His daughter offered to marry the person who can retrieve his arm from the sky, so the young warrior Fallen Star whose father was a star and whose mother was human returned his arm and married his daughter, symbolizing harmony between the gods and humanity with the help of the younger generation. The index finger is represented by Rigel; the Orion Nebula is the thumb; the Belt of Orion is the wrist; and the star Beta Eridani is the pinky finger.

The seven primary stars of Orion make up the Polynesian constellation Heiheionakeiki which represents a child's string figure similar to a cat's cradle. The imagery of the belt and sword has found its way into popular western culture, for example in the form of the shoulder insignia of the 27th Infantry Division of the United States Army during both World Wars, probably owing to a pun on the name of the division's first commander, Major General John F.

The film distribution company Orion Pictures used the constellation as its logo. In Star Trek , Orion is famous for its green Orion slave girls.

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In the movie Blade Runner , the dying replicant Roy Batty introspectively delivers his "Tears in Rain" soliloquy : "I've seen things you people wouldn't believe. Attack ships on fire off the shoulder of Orion. All those moments will be lost in time, like tears in rain. Time to die. In the sci-fi comedy Men In Black , the last words of a dying alien disguised as a human were 'To prevent war, the Galaxy is on Orion's belt'. It was later revealed that 'Orion's belt' referred to the collar of a cat named 'Orion'. In the sci-fi television series Haven , the Orionid meteor shower is known as the Hunter Meteor Shower.

It comes to Haven once every twenty-seven years when the Barn, a space between two worlds, comes to take the mysterious woman away. When the Barn leaves, the Hunter passes safely overhead and The Troubles end, making the town of Haven a haven for the Troubled again. In artistic renderings, the surrounding constellations are sometimes related to Orion: he is depicted standing next to the river Eridanus with his two hunting dogs Canis Major and Canis Minor , fighting Taurus.

He is sometimes depicted hunting Lepus the hare. He sometimes is depicted to have a lion's hide in his hand. There are alternative ways to visualise Orion. From the Southern Hemisphere , Orion is oriented south-upward, and the belt and sword are sometimes called the saucepan or pot in Australia and New Zealand.

The appellation Driekoningen the Three Kings is also often found in 17th- and 18th-century Dutch star charts and seaman's guides. Even traditional depictions of Orion have varied greatly. Cicero drew Orion in a similar fashion to the modern depiction. The Hunter held an unidentified animal skin aloft in his right hand; his hand was represented by Omicron 2 Orionis and the skin was represented by the 5 stars designated Pi Orionis.

Kappa and Beta Orionis represented his left and right knees, while Eta and Lambda Leporis were his left and right feet, respectively. As in the modern depiction, Delta, Epsilon, and Zeta represented his belt. His left shoulder was represented by Alpha Orionis, and Mu Orionis made up his left arm. Lambda Orionis was his head and Gamma, his right shoulder. The depiction of Hyginus was similar to that of Cicero, though the two differed in a few important areas. Further Western European and Arabic depictions have followed these two models. Orion is bordered by Taurus to the northwest, Eridanus to the southwest, Lepus to the south, Monoceros to the east, and Gemini to the northeast.

Covering square degrees, Orion ranks twenty-sixth of the 88 constellations in size. Orion is most visible in the evening sky from January to March, [31] winter in the Northern Hemisphere, and summer in the Southern Hemisphere. In the period May—July summer in the Northern Hemisphere, winter in the Southern Hemisphere , Orion is in the daytime sky and thus not visible at most latitudes. However, for much of Antarctica in the Southern Hemisphere's winter months, the Sun is below the horizon even at midday. Stars and thus Orion are then visible at twilight for a few hours around local noon, low in the North.

In the Southern Hemisphere's summer months, when Orion is normally visible in the night sky, the constellation is actually not visible in Antarctica because the sun does not set at that time of year south of the Antarctic Circle. In countries close to the equator e. Kenya, Indonesia, Colombia, Ecuador , Orion appears overhead in December around midnight and in the February evening sky. Orion is very useful as an aid to locating other stars. Additionally, Rigel is part of the Winter Circle asterism. Sirius and Procyon , which may be located from Orion by following imaginary lines see map , also are points in both the Winter Triangle and the Circle.

Orion's seven brightest stars form a distinctive hourglass-shaped asterism, or pattern, in the night sky. Four stars—Rigel, Betelgeuse, Bellatrix and Saiph—form a large roughly rectangular shape, in the centre of which lie the three stars of Orion's Belt — Alnitak , Alnilam and Mintaka.

Descending from the 'belt' is a smaller line of three stars, Orion's Sword the middle of which is in fact not a star but the Orion Nebula , also known as the hunter's sword. Many of the stars are luminous hot blue supergiants, with the stars of the belt and sword forming the Orion OB1 Association. Standing out by its red hue, Betelgeuse may nevertheless be a runaway member of the same group. Iota Orionis is also called Nair al-Saif , Arabic for "the brightest in the sword".

Orion's Belt or The Belt of Orion is an asterism within the constellation. Alnitak is around light years away from earth and is , times more luminous than the Sun ; much of its radiation is in the ultraviolet range, which the human eye cannot see. It is 90, times more luminous than the Sun and is a double star: the two orbit each other every 5.

Just southwest of Alnitak lies Sigma Orionis , a multiple star system composed of five stars that have a combined apparent magnitude of 3. Southwest of Mintaka lies the quadruple star Eta Orionis. Three stars comprise a small triangle that marks the head. Phi-1 and Phi-2 Orionis make up the base. Also nearby is the very young star FU Orionis. Stretching north from Betelgeuse are the stars that make up Orion's club. Mu Orionis marks the elbow, Nu and Xi mark the handle of the club, and Chi 1 and Chi 2 mark the end of the club. Just east of Chi 1 is the Mira-type variable red giant U Orionis.

Around 20 October each year the Orionid meteor shower Orionids reaches its peak. Coming from the border with the constellation Gemini as many as 20 meteors per hour can be seen. The shower's parent body is Halley's Comet. This is a spectacular object that can be clearly identified with the naked eye as something other than a star. Using binoculars, its clouds of nascent stars, luminous gas, and dust can be observed. The Trapezium cluster has many newborn stars, including several brown dwarfs , all of which are at an approximate distance of 1, light-years.

Named for the four bright stars that form a trapezoid , it is largely illuminated by the brightest stars, which are only a few hundred thousand years old. Observations by the Chandra X-ray Observatory show both the extreme temperatures of the main stars—up to 60, kelvins —and the star forming regions still extant in the surrounding nebula.

M78 NGC is a nebula in Orion. With an overall magnitude of 8. It can easily be mistaken for a comet in the eyepiece of a telescope.


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M78 is associated with the variable star V Orionis , whose magnitude changes are visible in very short periods of time. It has an integrated magnitude of It contains a dark dust cloud whose shape gives the nebula its name. NGC is an emission nebula located light-years from Earth. Besides these nebulae, surveying Orion with a small telescope will reveal a wealth of interesting deep-sky objects, including M43 , M78 , as well as multiple stars including Iota Orionis and Sigma Orionis.