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Both this result and the fact of a large variety of interpretations which differ from it as well as amongst each other, suggest a new attempt to understand the meaning and function of the hypothetical proposition in a more adequate way. Also in French as: Notes sur l'objet de l'histoire de la philosophie - pp. Part 1. Part 2. Time and Modes of Being. Springfield: Charle C. Thomas Publisher. Selected part of the first volume of the Polish edition of: Der Streit um die Existenz der Welt The Literary Work of Art.

Psychologism And Psychoaesthetics A Historical And Critical View Of Their Relations

With an Appendix on the Functions of Language in the Theatre. Evanston: Northwestern University Press. The Cognition of the Literary Work of Art. Lewsiburg: Bucknell University Press. New York. Critical Remarks 34; Index Ingarden maintains that Husserl based his theory in the period of the Logical Investigations on a realist foundation and that only later, in the period of Ideas I and, especially in his last works, he turned to the view that phenomenology was a philosophy of the idealist type. The book is divided into two parts.

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The first half contains an exposition of Husserl's views and an analysis of his development from the original realist standpoint until the ultimate idealist position was reached. The second half contains Ingarden's critical remarks concerning Husserl's idealism in which he substantiates the view that transcendental idealism follows from certain decisions taken by Husserl in his theory of constitution and in the application of the method of the reduction. As a disciple of Husserl Ingarden adheres to some basic ideas of phenomenology such as the contention that cognition based on outer perception must necessarily be inadequate and onesided.

But Husserl concludes from this that the real world is nothing but a constituted noematic unity existing for the pure transcendental Ego. The constitution of the world is reduced to the primary subjectivity of the Ego. The world becomes intentional correlates of sets of cognitive acts. Material things cease to be an autonomous sphere of being and are created as a system of object senses.

Beyond that they are nothing. In this book Ingarden takes a critical view of these ideas of his teacher. In his opinion Husserl went too far in his assumptions and made some metaphysical decisions e. Ingarden thinks that this conclusion - or in general the solution of the controversy between idealism and realism - can be arrived at only after a careful and exhaustive examination.

He himself tried to do this in his Spar o istnienie hviata Controversy about the Existence of the World. Although this essay does not explain in any detail Ingarden's realism the reader is nevertheless able to get an idea about his stand in philosophy and about his attitude to some central problems in Husserl's phenomenology on which Ingarden worked all his life. It is, therefore, a good introduction to Ingarden's work in this field which led him in a different direction than that taken by other members of the phenomenological movement.

Reprinted in: Hazard Adams and Leroy Searle eds. Amsterdam: Benjamin Press. Man and Value. Washington: Catholic University of America Press. Index: 1. Man and nature; 2. On human nature; 3. Man and his reality; 4. Man and time; 5. On responsibility -- Its ontic foundations; 6.

Remarks on the relativity of values; 7. What we do not know about values; 8.

Free Psychologism And Psychoaesthetics: A Historical And Critical View Of Their Relations

An analysis of moral values; 9. Some words concerning fruitful discussion. Selected Papers in Aesthetics. London: Macmillan. Translation of chapter IV from Foundations of epistemology. Part I published in Polish in Athens: Ohio University Press. He projected five volumes, but completed only three. Volumes I and II appeared in The 2nd, corrected and supplemented by additional notes edition of both volumes was published in I: Existentialontologie and Vol.

II: Formalontologie, Welt und Bewusstein. The same house published Vol. The last Polish edition of Vols. III of Streit appeared in Szylewicz, Arthur. Contains the English translation of Ingarden's Review at pp. Atti Del Simposio Di Estetica.

Padova: Edizioni della Rivista di Estetica. Palermo: Flaccovio. L'opera D'arte Letteraria. Analecta Husserliana no. New Studies in the Philosophy of Roman Ingarden. With a New International Ingarden Bibliography. Ales Bello, Angela. Reinach, R. Ingarden, H. Conrad-Martius, E. The Yearbook of Phenomenological Research no.

Stein, that is the existence of the world and the way to prove it. The research leads to two consequences: to pinpoint Husserl's particular and original interpretation regarding "existence" that concludes to the acceptance of it and the difference between his transcendental phenomenology and that one sustained by his disciples that can be called a realistic phenomenology. In this contest E. Stein assumed a peculiar position that to some extend combines the two attitudes. We noted that Husserl's cited disciples are convinced that, as far as the maestro is concerned, the world - understood as external reality that comprises ourselves as human beings - does exist.

Nevertheless, the objections are more or less mellow and indistinct and all of them are made within the school, that is to say. The great common terrain is constituted by essential analysis, which nobody wants to do without. Furthermore, because for Husserl essential analysis concentrates on subjectivity and opens the road to the transcendental perspective, what is feared is becoming enclosed in subjectivity and concentrating all of reality in it. As can be seen. I have endeavored to defend Flossed against his own disciples, trying to delve into his profound intentions, re-balancing - wherever this proves possible - the results of his analysis.

The theoretical core always remains the relationship between idealism and realism. On the other hand, it is quite readily understandable that his disciples should have committed the "great parricide," to use the expression that Plato used in connection with Parmenides: it may well he that without it one does not achieve theoretical autonomy. All the same, one also has to hear in mind a saying that once again involves Plato: amicus Plato.

Bartoszynski, Kazimierz. Blaszczyk, Piotr. An object, as conceived by Ingarden, is, first of all, something which is a unity of matter referred to by Ingarden as material endowment , form formal structure and existence mode of existence. As examples of objects in this meaning one may offer: a physical object, a process, an event, a Platonic idea, a property of a thing, a negative state of affairs. Yet, not everything is an object. Non-objects are: matter, form and mode of existence as such.

Husserl's Anti-Psychologism

The Controversy over the Existence of the World was divided by Ingarden into Existential Ontology and Formal Ontology in order to deal with existential and formal aspects of objects. Bostar, Leo. Brogowski, Leszeck. Chrudzimski, Arkadiusz. Die Erkenntnistheorie Von Roman Ingarden.

Dordrecht: Kluwer. Ingarden's Theory of Meaning. Omitting the difficult problems of the ontology of intentionality we will ask if all what is needed to explain the phenomenon of the meaningful use of words, could be found "in our private head" interpreted as a sphere of specific privileged access, the sphere that is in the relevant epistemological sense subjective, private or non-public. There are many "mentalistic" theories of meaning that force us to the answer: "yes". According to these theories our words are meaningful in virtue of certain intentions of the speaker.

And our intentions consist in having some mental states that should be in the relevant sense subjective or private. Searle, Chisholm But there are also philosophers Kripke, Putnam who claim to have evidence to the contrary. They argue that the meanings of our words could not be "in the head", because of two important reasons. I Very often we don't know exactly the meanings of the words that we use meaningfully. Furthermore, our "semantical self-knowledge" is principally corrigible by other people, and hence our access to the meanings we use could be by no means privileged.

And secondly ii we can imagine a situation in which two subjects with the same mental intention use the same word with the very different meanings. We will investigate our question on the ground of the Ingarden's philosophy. As we will see, his answer turns out to be in an interesting sense: "yes and no". Reprinted as Chapter 6 in: A. Existence, Culture, and Persons. The Ontology of Roman Ingarden. Frankfurt am Mein: Ontos Verlag.

Contents: Substances, states, processes, events. Thomasson ; Concretization, literary criticism, and the life. Ironically, the main goal of Ingarden's philosophical struggle - the refutation of idealism - remained something that very few of his reader are really interested in. Most of the papers collected in this volume follow this strand of Ingarden's reception. The first three articles concern the basic ontological categories and distinctions. Peter Simons investigates several concepts of ontological dependence that are central for the especially Ingardenian branch of ontology that Ingarden called "existential ontology".

Daniel von Wachter proposes "a Europe-in-seven-days tour through Ingarden's ontology" p.

The next three papers concern the topic of Ingarden's philosophy that happened to become the best known of his achievements: the philosophy of fiction and of cultural objects. Arkadiusz Chrudzimski sketches the general problematic of intentional objects and argues that they are by no means useless fictions. Amie L. Thomasson presents an Ingardenian ontology of social and cultural objects such as money, churches, and flags. Finally, Jeff Mitscherling investigates the difficult topic of the "life" of a literary work of art.

The last two papers open a somewhat wider perspective on Ingarden's work. Edward Swiderski points out an interesting change of perspective that occurred in Ingarden's late work, which was devoted to the problem of responsibility. He argues that there is a tension between the hypothetical scientific and phenomenological sides of his philosophy.

Frankfurt am Mein: Ontos verlag. Anton Marty 53; 4. Wozu brauchte Carl Stumpf Sachverhalte? Alexius Meinong ; 6. Von Brentaon zu Ingarden ; 7. Dziemidok, Bohdan, and McCormick, Peter, eds. Falk, Eugen. The Poetics of Roman Ingarden.

Table of contents

Farber, Marvin. In Memory of Roman Ingarden. Fizer, John. Galewicz, Wlodzimierz. Amsterdam: Rodopi. Kunst Und Ontologie. Gierulanka, Danuta. Following the basic methodological principle of Husserl's phenomenology, Ingarden obtained results in all areas of his philosophy by referring directly to the "things given in experiences" corresponding to the type of object being investigated in direct intuitive cognition.

In spite of the great breadth of topics studied his results constitute a lucidly organized whole, as I shall presently try to demonstrate. Ingarden's writings over two hundred items including twenty-seven large books belong primarily to three areas of philosophy: epistemology, ontology, and aesthetics including the theory of the work of art. This does not, however, comprise all of his work, as I shall show later. The first decade of Ingarden's philosophic work already included basic results which set the direction and paths of development of his thought.

I shall discuss the main core of Ingarden's philosophy in several sections, indicating the thought processes leading from one to another. Epistemology, being the least known chapter of his thought, and ontology, which dominates Ingarden's philosophy, will be discussed more extensively. Golaszewska, Maria.

Gumpel, Liselotte. Haefliger, Gregor. Its aim is to give a clear and formally precise account, as well as a critical evaluation, of his contributions. In the first chapter the basic principles of Ingarden's ontology are reformulated and, contrary to Ingarden, a nominalistic point of view is adopted. Chapters 2 to 4 give a reconstruction of the arguments for the following Ingardenian theses: 1 Existence is not a property; 2 The concept of existence is a principle sui generis of classification; 3 "exist s "is an equivocal word.

On the basis of this critical doxography Chapters 5 and 6 provide a systematic examination of the Ingardenian position, by confronting it with the results of analytic philosophy such as early Husserl, Frege, Russell, Moore, Meinong, Bergmann, Hochberg, Castaneda. The Ingardian Variant of an Old Thesis. This thesis was later refined in Ingarden , where a theory of the different ways of being is elaborated. Even today, however, his theory has not yet received widespread attention.

This is so despite the originality and conceptual transparency of the programme he developed for his theory. And more importantly, his position contains novel viewpoints for an answer to the question of the equivocity of 'to be' - a question that has long been one of the fundamental questions of ontology. The aim of this paper is to elucidate Ingarden's answer to this "old" question. To this end we must first acquaint ourselves with the fundamentals of his theory of the different ways or modes of existence.

Then we shall consider the unique position that Ingarden's thesis of the equivocity of 'to be' occupies in the history of philosophy. Finally some suggestions towards a systematic evaluation of Ingarden's position will be made. Hanneborg, Knut. The work had then been published only in Polish, a fact which occasioned Bochenski to deplore the widespread habit of publishing professional philosophy in languages other than the main European ones. Other obstacles may remain: the pages do offer, even in non-Polish, a certain resistance. Not that the author has not done his share of the work, for he expresses himself with exemplary precision and by no means leaves the reader with the task of reducing confusion to clarity.

But his perseverance in analysis and the wealth of rigorously differentiated concepts give us a complicated whole to survey. It is the limited purpose of the present paper to give a short outline of this comprehensive system, and some hints of its place in a larger context. Heffernan, George. Hempolinski, Michal. Jadacki, Jacek. Johansson, Ingvar. International Journal for Ontology and Metaphysics no. Before that, in order to characterize the distinction between particulars and universals, Roman Ingarden's notions of "existential moments" and "modes ways of being" are presented; and a new pair of such existential moments is introduced: Multiplicity-Monadicity.

Also, it is argued that there are not only real universals, but instances of universals tropes and fictional universals, too. Kalinowski, Georges. Kersten, Fred. Kocay, Victor. Sprimont: Pierre Mardaga. April , edited by Kuhn, Helmuth, Laskey, Dallas. Majewska, Zofia. Makota, Janina. But the bulk of them is contained in the chapter entitled "The problem of the form of pure consciousness" in the second volume of Controversy over the Existence of the World 1 and in the posthumous A Booklet on Man , 2 which is a collection of previously published articles, lectures, etc.

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The most advanced considerations on this subject are contained in the essay On Responsibility. Its Ontic Foundations. This notion had been previously employed by Ingarden to explain various types of connections within the world as a whole. Ihre ontischen Fundamente , Stuttgart: Reclam Der Streit. I, Tubingen: Niemeyer , p. Mardas, Nancy. McCormick, Peter. Miskiewicz, Wioletta. Mitscherling, Jeff. Roman Ingarden's Ontology and Aesthetics. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press. Mohanty, Jitendra Nath. Between Essentialism and Transcendental Philosophy , In this relentless effort, he seems to have gone a long way toward understanding, and even agreeing with, Husserl's transcendental-constitutive phenomenology, but he would nevertheless draw a line that he did not want to cross-thereby preserving his own realistic intuitions from being overtaken by what he took to be an idealistic philosophy.

While thus seeking to understand Husserl, Ingarden also undertook first his famous work Das Literarische Kunstwerk, and then the large, carefully argued work on the controversy regarding the existence of the world, Die Streit um die Existenz der Welt. One could say that Ingarden's central interest lay in the realism-idealism dispute, and it may also be safely said that no one in the history of philosophy has more carefully analyzed that issue than he.

While Das Literarische Kunstwerk is deservedly more famous, Ingarden undertook it as much out of his interest in the subject matter of art as out of the desire to advance the discussion of the realism-idealism issue. Motroshilova, N. Ein Metaphysiker Der Freiheit. Przybysz, Piotr. Reese, William. Riska, Augustin. Rosiak, Marek. The general approach assumed in the investigation is that of Roman Ingarden's The Controversy Over the Existence of the World where an object is the subject-of-properties.

The analysis of the form and the mode of existence of properties leads to the rejection of both negative and general properties. Each property is an individual qualitative moment of a particular object. Its form reveals existential heteronomy: the quality of the property is not immanent but refers to the object. The subject of properties has not its own qualitative content: its form is just the internal causality establishing the unity of an object.

An object is not causally isolated from other objects, but external causation differs from internal either by being ramified in case of the composition and destruction of an object or reciprocal in case of interaction between coexisting objects. Ruttkowski, Wolfgang. Proceeding from this conviction we shall try here to establish a demarcation of these often used terms and at the same time prove their interdependence.

Also in secondary literature there is no exact comparison of their systems to be found. For that reason, the two strata systems are compared here for the first time and their respective advantages and deficiencies are being pointed out. Amongst other things. How, on the other hand.

Why there cannot be found in Hartmann's system a corresponding stratum for Ingarden's ''Stratum of Schematized Aspects" "Schicht der schematischen Ansichten" - and 4.

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Why Hartmann's two strata of the Treat Background" ''Irrealer Hintergrund" are consolidated by Ingarden and expressly not seen as a stratum. Ryle, Gilbert. Rynkiewicz, Kazimierz. Free delivery worldwide. Bestselling Series. Harry Potter. Popular Features. New Releases. Categories: Linguistics Philosophy. Notify me. Thus, psychologism figures as a generic concept, embracing a variety of both positivistic and idealistic arguments concerning the localization of normative sciences, particularly aesthetics and literary theory, in psychological space.

This study also considers the implicit psychologism of even those psychoaesthetic theories which claimed to be against the exclusive status of psychology. In their actual treatment of aesthetic and literary facts, such theories inadvertently did indeed resort to psychologistic arguments. The position from which I have chosen to look at psychologistically committed aesthetics and literary theory is essentially phenomenological. The author seeks to present psychologism as a central tendency of psychoaesthetics as well as to assert critically psychologism's basic assumptions. Product details Format Hardback pages Dimensions x x 22mm Table of contents 1.

Acknowledgments; 2. Preface; 3.