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In : Piper, C. Flora of the northwest coast including the area west of the summit of the Cascade Mountains from the forty-ninth parallel south to the Calapooia Mountains on the south border of Lane County, Oregon. Sharsmith, C. Aliso 4: — John, H. Part Elymus, Luzula, Iris and Delphinium. Leaflets of Western Botany 9: Satake, Y. Kobayasi, in Botanical Magazine Tokyo —, — Scoggan, H. National Museums of Canada, Ottawa, pp. Sheldon, E. Minnesota Botanical Studies 1: 62— Swab, J.

In : Hickman, J. The Jepson manual: Higher plants of California. In : Flora of North America north of Mexico, vol. Oxford University Press, New York, pp. Thiers, B. Thuillier, J. Perronneau, Paris, pp. Tidestrom, I. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 1— Watson, S. Whitney, State Geologist.

Botany , vol. John Wilson and son, Cambridge, Massachusetts, pp. Weber, W. University Press of Colorado, Niwot, pp. Welsh, S. Open Journal Systems. Journal Help. Subscription Login to verify subscription.

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User Username Password Remember me. Notifications View Subscribe. Font Size. Article Tools Print this article. Indexing metadata. How to cite item. Finding References. Email this article Login required. Email the author Login required. Hide Show all. Abstract Field and herbarium study of Luzula comosa and its allies revealed two taxa in western North America that were overlooked in recent years but are distinct and best treated as species. References Abrams, L. Davis, R. Brown Co. The rushes of the genus Juncus have flat, hairless leaves or cylindrical leaves. The leaves of the wood-rushes of the genus Luzula are always flat and bear long white hairs.

The plants are. Juncus is a genus of monocotyledonous flowering plants, commonly known as rushes. It is the largest genus in the family Juncaceae, containing around species. The flowers of Juncus comprise five whorls of floral parts: three sepals, three petals or, taken together, six tepals , two to six stamens in two whorls and a stigma with three lobes. Genuini ,[6] which contains some of the most widespread and familiar species, the leaves are reduced to sheaths around the base of the st.

Patosia is a genus of plant in family Juncaceae described as a genus in Species Plantarum: Flora of the World , , Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra.

Luzula arctica Blytt

Oxychloe is a genus of plants in family Juncaceae described as a genus in Buchenau - Patosia clandestina Phil. Kirschner, J. Luzula is a genus of flowering plants the family Juncaceae, the rushes. The genus has a cosmopolitan distribution, with species occurring throughout the world, especially in temperate regions, the Arctic, and higher elevation areas in the tropics. They generally form clumps of cylindrical stems and narrow leaves with hair-lined edges.

The inflorescence is often a dense cluster of flowe. Marsippospermum is a genus of plant in family Juncaceae described as a genus in Rostkovia is a genus of plant in family Juncaceae described as a genus in Buchenau Rostkovia clandestina Phil. Rudall et al. Throughout the text, unless otherwise stated, the term seed is used for seeds excluding their. Perennial herbs, erect, glabrous. Stems leafless. Leaves all basal, spirally arranged, linear or. Flower bracts 2, with the longer one erect to suberect, much exceeding the.

Tepals castaneous-brown to dark brown; margins membranous, distally. Stamens 6; anthers linear; connective with apical mucro to 0. Ovary sessile.

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Style with 3 tapering twining stigmas. Capsule subglobose, unilocular or slightly triseptate,. Two species, one endemic to Tristan da Cunha, the other distributed in New Zealand, the. Leaves up to 1 mm wide, straight, stiff, acute; style 2. Leaves usually 1. Rostkovia magellanica. D, habit;. E, flower; F, fruit.

A-C, B. Balslev , AAU. Juncus magellanicus Lam. Desvaux 1: , pl. T: Chile. Magallanes: Magellan Strait, P. Commerson s. Rostkovia magellanica Lam. La Plata, Secc. Illustrations: F. Buchenau, in H. Engler, Pflanzenr. Darwiniana , fig. Balslev, Brit to nia , fig. Balslev, Fl. Perennials, loosely caespi to se, 15—30 cm tall; rhizome erect or ascending, sometimes short.

Stem 0. Basal leaves 15—25 cm long, to 1 mm wide; tip acute; auricles c. Flower bracts 2; lower bract long, herbaceous, 4 cm long; upper bract scale-like, to. Capsule c. Seeds oblong to ovoid, c.

Part 6. JUNCACEAE 1: Rostkovia to Luzula - Species Plantarum ...

Rostkovia magellanica occupies a wide and very disjunct range: New Zealand main islands. Map 1. Given K ; Campbell Is.

Hooker K. Skottsberg s. Sierra Alvear, Paso Garibaldi, m, D. Moore K. Roivainen s. Birger LD. Rostkovia tristanensis Chris to ph. Tristan da Cunha. Mejland ; holo: O, pho to NY; iso:. Illustrations: E. Chris to phersen, Res. Tristan da Cunha 4 and 5, figs. Perennials, loosely caespi to se, to 16 cm tall; rhizome creeping to ascending, often.

Flower bracts 2; lower bract 1. Pedicel short. Tepals subequal, lanceolate,. Stamens 5—6 mm; anthers c. Seeds narrowly ovoid, 1. Endemic to Tristan da Cunha. Known only from the rich type collection.

Juncaceae - Wikispecies

Cunha, above Soggy Plain, 19 Feb , Y. Possibly, R. Stamens 6; anthers. Capsule oblong-trigonous or ellipsoid-trigonous, acuminate,. Four species; one endemic to New Zealand, the others confined to southernmost South. Juncus grandiflorus L. T: Tierra del. Fuego, Baeck; holo: S; plants from the same gathering: , J. Illustrations: W. Hooker, Icon. Barros, Darwiniana , fig. Parkinson, in D. Moore, Fl. Tierra del Fuego , fig. Perennials, loosely caespi to se; rhizome s to ut, creeping, with internodes short, to 1—2 cm. Leaves of sterile shoots single, cauliform, terete, equalling to.

Bracteoles 2, membranous, broadly ovate, obtuse, usually 2—4 mm long. Tepals linearlanceolate,. Stamens 6, much shorter than perianth, usually. Anthers 8—10 mm long; pollen sacs slightly over to pping connective; tips. Filaments to c. Vervoorst W ; Tierra. Gusinde W ; Tierra del Fuego,. Marsippospermum grandiflorum var. Perennials, densely caespi to se; rhizome s to ut, branched, ascending or short with internodes. Leaves over to pping stem;. Tepals linear-lanceolate, acuminate, scarious to stramineous, unequal; outer tepals. Rostkovia gracilis Hook. T: New Zealand, Antipodean Is. Hooker; lec to : K, fide E.

Edgar in L. Edgar, Fl. New Zealand 2: 58 Rostkovia novae-zelandiae Buchanan, Trans. New Zealand Inst. T: New Zealand. Illustrations: J. Hooker, Fl. Perennials, densely caespi to se; rhizome horizontal, rarely ascending, with internodes very. Stamens 6;. Moist places. Park, from Homer Hut to Gertrude Valley,. Berggren K ; Canterbury,. Berggren LD,. Cheeseman s. Rostkovia reichei Buchenau Hosseus, Trab. T: Chile, 'In regione. Perennials, densely caespi to se; rhizome short, ascending, with internodes very abbreviated;. Cataphylls castaneous brown at base, shining,.

Cauline leaves 1—3, subbasal;. Sterile shoots 2— 3 —4 -phyllous;. Bracteole single, membranous, obtuse, to c. Tepals linear to. Stamens 6, 5—6 mm. Wet rocks, gravelly. Andesia Hauman, Anales Mus. Buenos Aires T: Andesia bisexualis Kuntze. Leaves regularly and densely spirally inserted along stem; blade. Inflorescence reduced to a single lateral axillary subterminal flower with two scarious. Stigmas tapering. Capsule trilocular to triseptate,. Seeds many, ovoid to pyriform; seed-coat distinct, forming. The overall similarity among the species is high, the species are difficult to.

Distichia andina Phil. T: Chile, An to fagasta, Atacama desert,. Zorras, m, Feb , R. Philippi s. Distichia macrocarpa Wedd. Vereine Bremen 4: T: Bolivia, La. Mandon ; holo: GOET, n. Buchenau, Junc. Leaves rigid and conical; blade 20—30 mm long, to 1. Murillo, Pacocota Pampa, m, E. Liberman LPB. Nicora, E. Andesia bisexualis Kuntze Hauman, Anales Mus.

T: Argentina,. Kuntze; lec to : K, designated here; pho to S. Illustrations: L. Hauman, Anales Mus. Buenos Aires , plate vi, fig. Tepals 6. Stamens 6; anthers elongated,. Novara, A. Hauman BA Castellanos s. Leaves imperfectly. G, pistillate flower with mature fruit and remaining style and stigmas. W, isosyn. Andesia haumaniana Barros, Lilloa Illustrations: M. Barros, Lilloa , fig. Leaves imbricate, imperfectly distichous;.

Capsule hard-walled,. Rare, endemic to San Juan Province in Argentina; known from the type collection only. Similar to O. Dense perennials, compact, cushion-forming, usually to 8—10 cm tall. Stem erect, much. Capsule ovoid to ellipsoidal, 7. Endemic to Mendoza Province, W Argentina. Humid bogs and springs, usually. Distichia sect. Pa to sia Buchenau Kuntze in T. Kuntze, Lex. Blade equal to or slightly shorter than sheath, flat or. Inflorescence reduced to a single lateral subterminal.

Tepals linear to lanceolate. Staminate flowers long pedicellate, exserted above the. Pistillate flowers. Capsule triseptate, sessile, narrowly ellipsoid. Seeds many; outer seed-coat spongy,. A single species distributed along the Andes from Bolivia to Chile and Argentina. Pa to sia clandestina Phil. Buchenau, Bot. Rostkovia clandestina Phil. Rostkovia brevifolia Phil. Buchenau, in A. Germain s. SGO, fide H. Pa to sia tucumanensis Castillon, Bol. Tucuman 7: 8 ; Pa to sia clandestina Phil. Buchenau var.

Perennials forming dense, very hard cushions up to several meters in diam. Leaves 1.

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Staminate flowers. Asplund UPS ; H. Beck Rojas LPB. Figure 4. Pa to sia clandestina. A, habit of clone to p and a single shoot right ; B, leaf with. G, pistillate flower with protruding stigmas; H, gynoecium. A—H, Johns to n Scale bars:. Goudotia Decne.

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Agapatea Steud. Zeitung Berlin , nom. Leaves regularly densely and strictly distichously inserted along stem, with. Inflorescence reduced to a single lateral subterminal flower. Plants dioecious. Stamens 6, with linear mucronate anthers about 10 times as long as the filaments. Goudotia to limensis Decne. T: Colombia, Tolima, — m, Feb , J. Goudot s. Gaimardia boliviana Pax, Repert. Regni Veg. T: Bolivia, La Paz, am Fusse des. Murarata Swamps, m, Oct , O.

Buchtien ; holo: B, probably destroyed; lec to : US, fide H. Agapatea peruviana Steud. Lechler, Berberid. Perennials forming dense hard cushions up to several meters in diam. Single plants 5—15 cm. Pistillate flowers hidden in the sheath of the supporting leaf,. Gynophore elongating at fruit ripening, lifting the capsule slightly. Capsule ellipsoid to ovoid, apically acute to slightly apiculate or obtuse,. Distichia muscoides.

I, J, leaves, note conical blade and lacking auricles. I, J, Laegaard. Confined to the Andes from Colombia to northern Argentina. Beck AAU,. Caldas, Nevado del Ruiz, Termales, — m, J. Humbert et al. K ; Chimborazo, E slope of Mt Chimborazo,. Novara AC K ;. Mandon Agapatea filamen to sa Buchenau, Abh. Vereine Bremen 4: , nom. Flowers in a subterminal leaf axil. Capsule ellipsoid. Mandon p. Laegaard Beck AAU. Illustrations: H. Laegaard, Nord. Perennials forming loose cushions up to 50 cm in diam. Individual plants consisting of. Staminate flower pedicels. Luzula DC. T: Luzula campestris L.

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Luzula sect. Gymnodes Griseb. Kuntze in T. Nemorinia Fourr. T: Luzula forsteri Sm. Perennial rarely annual herbs, rhizoma to us, seldom cushion-forming, with sparsely to. Bracts leaf-like to scarious. Inflorescence diverse, usually many-flowered, either cymose.

Flowers hermaphrodite, perfect. Stamens 3—6;. A genus of species, almost cosmopolitan, much rarer in the tropics, with major diversity. Novikov, Konspekt sistemy roda Luzula DC. Juncaceae , Byull. Luzula Juncaceae in Europe, Preslia 81— ;. Kirschner, Karyological differentiation of Luzula sect.

Luzula in Europe, Thaiszia 2: 11— Kirschner, Taxonomic survey of Luzula sect. Luzula Juncaceae in Europe, Folia. The phenomenon is called agma to ploidy; in consequence, a mere. Luzula nivalis. Triprophyllatae Satake in T. Honda, Nov. T: Luzula purpurea. Leaves acute; apex extending to a hair, sometimes two hairs; leaf margin without. A monotypic, remarkably distinct subgenus. The only species, Luzula elegans, is native to. Luzula purpurea Link [in C. Kuntze, Revis. T: [Canary Is. Buch; syn: n. Luzula berthelotii Nees ex Kunth, Enum. Illustration: F. Annuals, usually 1—2-stemmed, 8—17 —25 cm.

Basal leaves several, to 12 cm long, 1. Cauline leaves 2—4, to 10 cm long, to c. Inflorescence a loose divaricate. Capsule ovoid-subglobose, pale brown to pale. Native to Madeira, Canary Is. Lindberg S ; Tenerife,. Valsequillo, m, C. Pitard SAM. The chromosome number. Luzula B. Stachyophora C. Koch, Linnaea T: not designated [sections Alpinae, Anthelaea. Luzula subg. Anthelaea Griseb. Kuntze, in T. T: Luzula maxima. Luzula maxima Reichard DC. T: Luzula luzuloides Lam. Juncoides seubertii Lowe Kuntze, Revis. Lowe; lec to : K, designated here; isolec to : P;. Perennials, usually 40—80 cm tall, densely ciliate, loosely caespi to se; rhizome creeping to.

Basal leaves few, up to. Inflorescence decompound lax, with slightly drooping rich anthela to 15 cm long; branches. Tepals linear-lanceolate, gradually tapering to long acuminate tip,. Endemic to mountains of Madeira. Dry mountain grassland and shrubby slopes,. Webb K ; Boco de Boroaca, Pico dos. Arrieros, — m, G. Mandon [Pl. Medonho, Aug ,. Luzula elegans Guthnick [in C. Hochstetter] ex E. Hochstetter, Herb. Luzula azorica H. Watson, London J. Authentic material: Azores, ,.

Perennials, 25—45 —60 cm tall, caespi to se to loosely caespi to se; rhizome ascending,. Cauline leaves 1. Endemic to the Azores. Open broad-leaved woodlands, shrubby slopes, deforested. Kirschner PRA ;. Pico, 11 May , H. Guthnick s. W ; Flores, Rocha do Junco, M. Juncus lacteus Link, J. Schrader 2: ; Juncus brevifolius Link ex Rostk.

Luzula brevifolia Rostk. Link; holo: B-W. Maps: P. Montserrat, Anales Inst. Cavanilles 21 2 : map 2 ; H. Meusel, E. Weinert, Vergl. Basal leaves. All leaves with subulate apex; margins papillose-serrulate. Lower bract.