Hartshorne called for systematic analysis of the elements that varied from place to place, a project taken up by the quantitative revolution. Cultural geography was sidelined by the positivist tendencies of this effort to make geography into a hard science although writers such as David Lowenthal continued to write about the more subjective, qualitative aspects of landscape. In the s, new kind of critique of positivism in geography directly challenged the deterministic and abstract ideas of quantitative geography. A revitalized cultural geography manifested itself in the engagement of geographers such as Yi-Fu Tuan and Edward Relph and Anne Buttimer with humanism , phenomenology , and hermeneutics.
This break initiated a strong trend in human geography toward Post-positivism that developed under the label New Cultural Geography while deriving methods of systematic social and cultural critique from critical geography. Since the s, a new cultural geography has emerged, drawing on a diverse set of theoretical traditions, including Marxist political-economic models , feminist theory , post-colonial theory , post-structuralism and psychoanalysis.
Drawing particularly from the theories of Michel Foucault and performativity in western academia, and the more diverse influences of postcolonial theory , there has been a concerted effort to deconstruct the cultural in order to reveal that power relations are fundamental to spatial processes and sense of place. Particular areas of interest are how identity politics are organized in space and the construction of subjectivity in particular places. Some within the new cultural geography have turned their attention to critiquing some of its ideas, seeing its views on identity and space as static.
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It has followed the critiques of Foucault made by other ' poststructuralist ' theorists such as Michel de Certeau and Gilles Deleuze. In this area, non-representational geography and population mobility research have dominated.
Others have attempted to incorporate these and other critiques back into the new cultural geography . Groups within the geography community have differing views on the role of culture and how to analyze it in the context of geography. However, systematic development of this idea is generally discredited as environmental determinism.
Geographers are now more likely to understand culture as a set of symbolic resources that help people make sense of the world around them, as well as a manifestation of the power relations between various groups and the structure through which social change is constrained and enabled. Academic peer reviewed journals which are primarily focused on cultural geography or which contain articles that contribute to the area.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also: Cultural area , Cultural landscape , Cultural space , and Social space.
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Cultural geographies, 13 4 , pp. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. This chapter is a guide to research methods in cultural geography.
Cultural Geography MA by Research | Royal Holloway, University of London
A focus on cultural geography in practice encompasses not only academic considerations of cultural practices in themselves, but also the cultural practice of academic geography — the creativity of the ways in which cultural geography is done and disseminated. A sense of these intertwining strands can be conveyed through a focus on the cultural geography of one cultural practice — walking. The different but overlapping approaches to walking reflect key themes of creative cultural geographies: an emphasis on practice, performance, process and embodiment, participation and collaboration, on creative styles of engagement and forms of representation.
The chapter outlines the wider field of these developments through the theme of creative public geographies. It then turns to the question of collaboration to consider how ideas of authority, expertise, and established ways of working are foregrounded and sometimes shifted in collaborative practice.
Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
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