Guide The Political Thought of Sun Yat-sen: Development and Impact

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Appears in the following Collection Kinesisk [78]. Abstract Sun Yat-sen has been hailed as a great revolutionary leader, on par with Mao Zedong in mainland China. At the same time, he has been a powerful national symbol in Taiwan, where he has been praised as the founding Father of the Nation guofu. Even though many Western scholars have tended to strip his ideology of any intellectual value whatsoever, one can not come by the fact that his thoughts have had great impact on the development on modern Chinese society.

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Both Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping, for instance, were influenced by his political ideas, and Deng s policy of the Four Modernisations has been presented by Beijing as inheritance from Sun Yat-sen. In Taiwan, the myth of Sun has given legitimacy to the state system and the far-reaching agrarian reform program initiated in The nationalist discourse of Sun Yat-sen represents one of the first expressions of modern nationalism in China.

This thesis identifies and analyses the development of this specific nationalist discourse, with the aim to provide one source for fuller understanding of the complex issues of national identity in China the last Century.

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Sun Yat-sen s discourse on race and nation, as expressed in his principle of nationalism minzu zhuyi , evolved through a lifetime of intellectual changes and was shaped by historical circumstances. His concept of race can be traced back to his youth, which was characterised by a growing antipathy against the Manchus, a minority people who had ruled China since the fall of the Ming dynasty in Sun increasingly identified with the Taiping rebels, a group of semi-religious activists, who had threatened to overthrow the Qing dynasty in the s and 60 s.

No reproduction, copy or transmission of this publication may be made without written permission. No paragraph of this publication may be reproduced, copied or transmitted save with written permission or in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act , or under the terms of any licence permitting limited copying issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency, 90 Tottenham Court Road, London W1T 4LP.

Any person who does any unauthorised act in relation to this publication may be liable to criminal prosecution and civil claims for damages. The author has asserted her right to be identified as the author of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act ISBN 0———5 This book is printed on paper suitable for recycling and made from fully managed and sustained forest sources. A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.

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Includes bibliographical references and index. This is an interesting book about Sun Yat-Sen's political thought, but not particularly well-written. There was a tendency to repetition. The author I think proved her case that Sun's thought has been influential not just in China, but throughout Asia, as well as even in Qaddafi's Libya. Here are the quotes: "Sun stated that after deep reflection he had realized that the roots of wealth and power in Europe did not lie in solid ships, efficient guns, strong forts and crack troops, but also in the This is an interesting book about Sun Yat-Sen's political thought, but not particularly well-written.

Here are the quotes: "Sun stated that after deep reflection he had realized that the roots of wealth and power in Europe did not lie in solid ships, efficient guns, strong forts and crack troops, but also in the fact that men's talents and natural resources could be used fully.

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That in China there was no such thing [as the rule of law] and that the judicial system was but a facade for corruption and tyranny Sun Yat-sen's interest in the competence of the ruler above all else. This was unfair to the poor.


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Sun's system of thought did not capture support as have the more successful ideologies of Communism and Fascism. China's achievement in devising printing, gunpowder, silk and tea could be used to show how China could achieve things through action without comprehensive knowledge. Plato was certainly elitist in his theory, but it could be argued that he demonstrated, as Sun would argue, that few people have finely attuned, reflective minds of statesmanlike vision.

Sun's form of local autonomy seems to offer the people more opportunities for participation in decision-making than have ever been. These would also be helped to throw off imperialism by Russia.


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He saw that even in his age that kings were unnecessary. Western and Chinese youth criticized the Chinese for not having liberty or even a word for it. Bismarck, though a policy of state socialism, weakened the cause of Marxist socialism. In fact he died in poverty. In is speech in he emphasized there would be no revenge killing against the Manchus. Sun himself accumulated few personal possessions, having little to bequeath other than a library on his death. Sun emphasized that the Chinese in their eagerness to modernize should abandon their ancient [Confucian] morality of Loyalty, Filial Devotion, Kindness, Love, Faithfulness, Justice, Harmony, Peace and personal refinement and culture.

Sun was strongly in favor of the family as a 'social unit'. Chiang Kai-shek showed admiration for the Chinese leaders who, with Western military aid, crushed the Taipings. This he believed would prevent gross land profiteering which, not yet a major problem as it was in the West, would eventually become one if urgent steps were not taken to obviate it. Hu argued that he motivation force in society is the desire to live. Teng Hsiao-p'ing and Mao Tse-tung before him believed that the political stability and cohesion of China was more important than political liberalism.

The Political Thought of Sun Yat-Sen: Development and Impact by Audrey Wells

However, the Communists did not introduce the period of political tutelage which for Sun The Communists greatly improved the working conditions of the poor, and gave them sickness benefit, pensions, cheap housing, free healthcare and education. China's tragedy was that the leader who could have benefited China the most, Sun Sun Yat-sen argued: 'Our minsheng principle aims at the destruction of the capitalist system.

James Gregor:] 'Sun early recognized that one of China's advantages was its abundance of cheap labor.