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In another study, Cleland and McRae showed the effectiveness of the NMSS technique for pain control but assessed sympathetic activation for vasomotor and sudomotor changes.

According to Lovick , one of the analgesic possibilities of the technique is based on anatomical location; analgesia would be performed by co-activation of spinal neurons leading to inhibition of sensory neurons nociceptive afferents and facilitation of sympathetic neural activation. Another theory for analgesia found and cited by some authors is the stimulation of the dorsal periaqueductal gray matter with norepinephrine as a neurotransmitter that is released when there is sympathetic stimulation, which was found in our study after applying the technique Evans, ; Lovick, With regard to the findings of SBP and DBP, an increase in these parameters was found in both groups during the application of the technique.

This finding is pointed out in the systematic review study by Kingston et al. These results are in agreement with those of Kawaguchi et al. When we compared the SBP and DBP values between the groups, we found that these parameters varied greatly in athletes when comparing the rest phase and recovery.

The same was not observed for the non-athlete volunteers, suggesting that these individuals need more time to adapt to the applied stimulus. These results corroborate Laterza et al.

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These results suggest that baroreflex sensitivity is a variable that is effectively influenced by physical training, being able to differentiate precisely the physical conditioning of individuals. It is worth noting that patients with cardiovascular disorders may be at risk if the NMSS technique is applied, since there was an increase in SBP and sympathetic activation during its application in all groups.

Therefore, further studies should be conducted to confirm our hypothesis. Res Biomed Eng. The relation of aerobic fitness to cognitive control and heart rate variability: a neurovisceral integration study. Biol Psychol. Am Heart J. Sympathetic nervous system and pain: a clinical re-appraisal. Behav Brain Sci. Heart rate variability as a measure of autonomic regulation of cardiac activity for assessing stress and welfare in farm animals.

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Phil Trans R Soc A. Evans DW. Mechanisms and effects of spinal high-velocity, low-amplitude thrust manipulation: previous theories. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. Giri S, Nixdorf D. Sympathetically maintained pain presenting first as temporomandibular disorder, then as parotid dysfunction. Tex Dent J. LF power of heart rate variability is not a measure of cardiac sympathetic tone but may be a measure of modulation of cardiac autonomic outflows by baroreflexes.

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Perry J, Green A. An investigation into the effects of a unilaterally applied lumbar mobilisation technique on peripheral sympathetic nervous system activity in the lower limbs. The effects of a cervical mobilisation technique on sympathetic outflow to the upper limb in normal subjects. Physiother Theory Pract. Heart-rate, blood pressure, and rate pressure product during resistive exercises: a review of the literature. Rev Port Cienc Desporto. Heart rate variability predicts alcohol craving in alcohol dependent outpatients: Further evidence for HRV as a psychophysiological marker of self-regulation.

Drug Alcohol Depend. Long-term exercise training improves autonomic nervous system profile in professional runners. Kardiol Pol. Rassi A Jr. Understanding better the measures of variability analysis [Internet]. Role of the sympathetic nervous system and its modulation in renal hypertension. New Releases. Mobilisation of the Nervous System. Description Describes an innovative concept of examination and treatment technique.

Mobilisation of the Nervous System

A controversial book which broadens the horizons of manual therapy to embrace adverse tension in the nervous system. Clinical reasoning processes are associated with a new understanding of the nervous system as a dynamic continuum. He introduces new tension tests and refined versions of standard tests. Describes and supports an innovative concept of examination and treatment technique The author has been strongly influenced by the Maitland approach - this book is an extension of that school of thought Use of new tension tests is extended beyond diagnosis to successful treatment Provides a better understanding of many commonly encountered syndromes show more.

Product details Format Hardback pages Dimensions x x Table of contents Introduction. Clinical Neurobiomechanics. Pathological Processes. Examination of Nerve Conduction. Tension Testing.

Mobilisation of the Nervous System by David Butler -

The Lower Limbs and Trunk. The Upper Limbs. Selected Case Studies Courses.