Hall Caine was an enormously popular and best-selling author in his time. Crowds would gather outside his houses hoping to get a glimpse of him. He was "accorded the adulation reserved now for pop stars and footballers",  and yet he is now virtually unknown. Allen suggests two reasons for this. First that, in comparison with Dickens, his characters are not clearly drawn, they are "frequently fuzzy at the edges" while Dickens' characters are "diamond-clear"; and Caine's characters also tend to be much the same as each other. Something similar could also be said about his plots.
Possibly the main drawback is that although Caine's books can be romantic and emotionally moving, they lack humour; they are deadly earnest and serious. It closed in By it had fallen into disuse, primarily due to its location. Both Gordon Hall Caine and Derwent Hall Caine were particularly keen on the development of an aerodrome as they saw it as another bit of the island as being associated with their late father.
They were said to be extremely interested in the progress of the Isle of Man and in particular its transport infrastructure. They also wished to include Ramsey's municipal authority in the project, as they were both of the opinion that the aerodrome would bring immense benefit to the town.
Caine wrote countless articles and stories of which an account has never been kept. Hall Caine. Get Hall Caine essential facts below. View Videos or join the Hall Caine discussion. Add Hall Caine to your PopFlock. British novelist and playwright. CH KBE. Mary Chandler's birth and early life has been determined through research on ancestry. She was born 21 April , 19 when she met Caine in , 21 when Ralph was born and 23 when she married.
Shefield Weekly Telegraph. Retrieved June Liverpool Mercury. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences.
Early life and influences
Liverpool Journal. Liverpool Daily Post. Professor Dowden on the study of Shakespere". Stevenson, etc. Royal Institution, Liverpool. Crown 8vo. Rossetti and T. London, W. Scott, limited. A Companion to the History of the Book. The Globe. The New York Times. The Speaker. Birmingham Daily Post. The Scapegoat. New York: P. Pall Mall Gazette. James's Gazette. Illustrated London News. Adelaide SA. The Bedfordshire Advertiser.
London Evening Standard. Men-at-the-Bar — via Wikisource. Canada Dept of Agriculture. The Sunday Telegraph.
New York. Indianapolis News. Chicago Tribune. London Daily News. Ralph Hall the Youngest Editor in London". Dundee Evening Post. Sheffield Daily Telegraph. Bolton Evening News. Thanet Advertiser. Aberdeen Press and Journal. St James' Gazette. Hall Caine in Iceland". Gloucestershire Echo.
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Retrieved — via National Library of Australia. The Nottingham Evening Post. Hull Daily Mail. Ousby ed. Seymour-Smith, Thomas Hardy p. Manx Transport Review No. Archived from the original on 21 November Sydney Morning Herald. October The Quarterly Review. July Fisher Unwin, Ltd. University of Liverpool. Sims, Rudyard Kipling, A. Conan Doyle, M. Braddon, F. Robinson, H. Rider Haggard, R. Ballantyne, I. University of Leicester. This article uses material from the Wiki pedia page available here. Legendary British Actor Weighs in on 'Brexit'. The Manxman , Silent.
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Louisville, Kentucky. Memphis, Tennessee. Mesa, Arizona. Miami, Florida. Minneapolis, Minnesota. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Montgomery, Alabama. Nashville, Tennessee. New Orleans, Louisiana. Newark, New Jersey. New York City, New York. Norfolk, Virginia. Oakland, California. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Omaha, Nebraska. Orlando, Florida. Overland Park, Kansas. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Phoenix, Arizona. I recently asked people what colour they thought the dress was because I hadn't really thought about it other than unconsciously thinking it was dark grey.
I was also interested by the chain that hooks on a button and attaches to her waist. It's either a chatelaine or maybe a watch. It's easier to see the ruffles along the edge of her cape in the mirror picture. You can also see her earrings, but we'll come to those. Similar to her dress in the photographs is this dress which appears in many of Rossetti's drawings. No ruffles around the top and certainly no cape, this is a full-skirted dress with frills around the bottom and a gathered bodice which Fanny secures with a brooch at the throat.
It would be tempting to think this is the same dress as in the above drawing but whereas the sleeves in the first drawing are tight from the elbow down, these seem to gather at the wrists. However, the bodice has a similar design, with the brooch at the throat. In a few of Rossetti's drawings, Fanny's mass of hair is controlled by a hairnet or snood.
The dress she's wearing in this picture is without the brooch but I think it is the same dress, and I think it is the one in this oil portrait If we believe the colouring in the painting to be truthful, Fanny's dress appears to be a bronze-brown. It does seem to be cut in the same style as the ones in the drawings and it would make sense that it wouldn't be as ostentatious as the one she chose for the photographs.
This appears to be an everyday dress, although it isn't the dress we have an eye-witness account of In William Allingham's diary of , he describes a visit to Rossetti's house on 27 June, where at half past eight in the morning he saw Fanny, dressed all in white, eating strawberries and looking at the 'chicking' her plural of chicken. The white dress she wears in the pastel Woman with a Fan is in a similar style to her earlier dresses, with lots of frills, but possibly the white dress she was wearing in was more like this Just visible beneath Fanny's black and golden braid jacket is a white chemise.
The dress she wears in Fazio's Mistress has somewhat transparent sleeves, leading me to suspect it's undergarments rather than a frock. Mind you, I remember being surprised to find out that the seemingly substantial white dress worn by the mistress in Holman Hunt's The Awakening Conscience was actually her underclothes, hence the shawl around her waist.
It would be far too rude for her to be sat on a gentleman's knee in just her petticoats. Dear me! Anyway, back to Fanny's underwear Although the face is Alexa, the boobs are still Fanny and so is what is barely hanging on to them. This is the sort of flimsy white affair that I suspect is going on beneath Bocca Baciata 's jacket, and is very similar to Fazio's Mistress.
Heavens to Betsy! Anyway, as outrageous as Fanny was I don't believe she chased chickens around the garden in her underwear although, to be honest, I have, but we'll move on. The dress in the chalk is more likely the sort of thing she was wearing when Allingham saw her. I can't imagine the Lady Lilith dress is warm enough, let alone the nightmare of keeping it up It could be that the fur on the chair of Lady Lilith is from the same garment Fanny is wearing in The Blue Bower, and the green jacket might actually be an unbuttoned dress, possibly from one of the drawings at the top.
There is certainly a lot of fabric here but I think the attention of the viewer is immediately attracted to her hair clip and necklace. Rossetti paintings are often known through the amazing jewellery he used - the pearl spiral pin being a special case, dotted in various models' hair from Jane Morris to Alexa.
From the diamond tassel-y thing hanging from Fanny's hair in Bocca Baciata to the costume jewellery necklaces, his 'performace jewellery' is as flashy and luxurious as the women he used. I had never looked at Regina Cordium and Fair Rosamund side by side before and today I was struck by the similarities, not least the coral bead necklace. In Fair Rosamund it is meant to symbolise the thread that will lead her lover and murder to her and her blood that will be spilt. In Regina Cordium it could be just another layer of red to add to the hair the background and the blush on her cheek, but it is tempting to read in some foreshadowing, like in How They Met Themselves.
If I was feeling naughty I might suggest that the two women, one wife and one mistress, are wearing the same frock as they both sit there, clutching flowers that represent their love. Rossetti liked to collect items of jewellery to use in his paintings, but on occasions the pieces seem to have belonged to the models, or at least adopted by them as a signature piece or talisman. The earrings that first appear in the head sketch for Found are known in this household as the 'Fanny earrings' as they appear time and time again Look back up at some of the other sketches, not to mention the mirror photograph and you will see the same looped rings hanging from Fanny's lobes all through the s.
You can even see them glinting through her hair in the oil circular portrait. By Woman with a Fan she is wearing the flowers that are the same as Monna Vanna , and her earrings in are some grand affairs, but whenever I see a sketch of a Rossetti model I have to identify, I always look for the two linked rings hanging from her ears. By the end of her modelling life, Fanny is back in a ruffled white dress, but not out chasing the 'chicking' anymore because her lover was spending more and more time away from home.
Even in her swansong as a model, she has her jewellery on, leading me to conclude that she liked to wear them in a way that was probably frowned on by people looking for an excuse to frown on Fanny. While Alexa is bedecked with gems in her paintings and Jane Morris' stately throat is encircled with golden ropes, teardrops of precious metals fall from Fanny's earlobes like jewel-like tears, like riches she can barely hang on to. Labels: Fanny Cornforth. So, we come to the penultimate post of this first Fanny-versary week and I am going to talk about Rossetti and his scraping.
He obviously isn't the only painter in the whole of art history to change his mind about a picture but I'm sure I'm not alone in my frustration that he scraped Fanny out of a number of his works. Most famously, Lady Lilith was a far better painting before Rossetti took a knife to it, according to many of his biographers.
I could never get the sense of Fanny as the Lady from the watercolour; it seems a little 'muddy', rather than the crispness of the oil. Wouldn't it be splendid to turn back the clock to before and see the oil painting with Fanny in place? Well, actually, you can. Firstly a bit of background.
It depicts a modern version of the first wife of Adam from the bits of the Bible we don't talk about , who is a beautiful demon and general bringer of saucy unpleasantness. Rossetti's Lady Lilith note the 'Lady' is there with her meaningful flowers and strangling golden hair, admiring her wonderfulness in a mirror. She is at once gorgeous and deadly. I'm not sure it is entirely focused on Fanny, but Rossetti did seem to have a thing about women and their hair. If proof was needed that Fanny's version of their meeting, when the artist rushed up to her and grabbed her hair, was true, his repeated pictures of her brushing, plaiting and generally faffing with her hair give us ammunition.
You would be forgiven in thinking that Fanny spent the whole of the s doing her hair. From Aurelia through Woman combing her Hair and the infamous photograph of her from Paris with the oversized comb, Fanny and her hair were obviously a bit of an obsession for Rossetti even his brother said she had good hair By the time we reach the main work on Lady Lilith , Fanny has been brushing her hair for a good few years, and the image followed the pattern of other luxurious women in opulent interiors, such as The Blue Bower.
At this point, it was the face of Fanny Cornforth that graced the canvas, despite Alexa Wilding becoming Rossetti's model in and Jane Morris beginning to appear in works of the late s. The idea that Rossetti moved from one woman to the next, cleanly severing pictoral ties, simply isn't true.
He liked to keep a number of plates spinning it seems. During the creation of the oil painting, Rossetti made a number of versions of the design, including the above watercolour and chalk pictures.
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All of them give us an idea of what Fanny looked like in the role. The watercolour especially is cited as being the 'true' idea behind Lady Lilith before Rossetti's tampering at Kelmscott. Luckily, as I said yesterday, Rossetti had a number of contemporary biographers and some of them, such as F G Stephens, had managed to see the painting before the alterations.
Despite claiming the model is Ruth Herbert due to either idiocy or pettiness , his description of the original oil is rather nice: 'she appears in the ardent languor of triumphant luxury and beauty, seated as if she lived now, and reclining back in a modern robe, if that term be taken rightly; the abundance of her pale golden hair falls about her Venus-like throat, bust and shoulders and with voluptuous self-applause Stephens claims the above watercolour shows an expression more amorous and cruel than the altered oil, which he thinks is what Rossetti intended. Well, it might be me, but I really don't get cruel and amorous from the watercolour, however I don't get either from the imperious gaze of Alexa Wilding either.
Anyway, Lady Lilith was delivered to Frederick Leyland in and then the clever fellow did a marvellous thing. He took a photograph of his lovely new painting. I was not aware of this photograph until I was reading Stephens as he states that the plate of Lady Lilith in Marillier is Leyland's photograph, later bought by Fanny's greatest fan Samuel Bancroft Jnr from the sale after Leyland's death when he also bought the altered oil.
By Marillier and Stephens admissions, it's not the best photograph in the world but the fact it exists is a miracle.
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And here it is I never really paid too much attention to it in Marillier previously as I assumed it was the watercolour but on closer inspection, even with the dubious quality, you can see it is indeed the oil painting but with Fanny's face instead of the cool hooded eyelids of Alexa. In , Derwent Caine sailed to America to look after those interests.
Although he was declared unfit for active service, he was nearly prevented from travelling because of a change of rules. In America, he starred in three films made by the Arrow Film Corporation. In , he stood for parliament as Labour candidate for Liverpool, Everton and was returned as Member of Parliament. In January , he was charged with dangerous driving after colliding with a taxi in the early hours of the morning in Trafalgar Square , injuring the four taxi passengers an army Major in the Scots Guards , his wife and two friends. He lost his seat to Frank Hornby , and finished bottom of the poll.
He was given a knighthood in and a baronetcy in Caine had at least three children out of wedlock,  and one of them, Elin, was adopted by Caine's parents as their own daughter in They also wished to include Ramsey's municipal authority in the project, as they were both of the opinion that the aerodrome would bring immense benefit to the town. Amongst the ambitious plans envisaged by Derwent Hall Caine was the inclusion of the airfield as part of an air network running the length of the country from Jersey and staging through numerous destinations including Hall Caine Airport, terminating at Campbeltown.
This was subsequently changed to the Hall Caine Airport, Ramsey. With all parties duly satisfied, Hall Caine Airport officially came into being on April 30,