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Despite close relations between Fiji and the PRC, Taiwan provides continuous free medical assistance to the country. A Taiwanese medical team visits Fiji on an annual basis to offer its services in hospitals and clinics. The Fiji government has expressed its gratitude for the help. The Federated States of Micronesia opened an embassy in Beijing.
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Diplomatic relations with New Zealand were first established in The People's Republic of China in December became the first country to establish official diplomatic relations with Niue,  and provides economic aid to the Cook Islands. On 29 September , New Zealand's delegate in United Nations openly praised the improving relations between the two governments of Beijing and Taipei.
In July , Niuean Premier Toke Talagi stated that, if development aid were not forthcoming from New Zealand, he would request aid from China instead. Papua New Guinea is one of China's biggest trade partners in Oceania. Papua New Guinea exports far more to China than does any other Pacific Islands country, and imports three times more from China than does any other such country. Skate lost power less than a week later, and Papua New Guinea's diplomatic recognition reverted to China. In , Chinese embassy in Port Moresby published a statement of concern in reaction to comments in the Papua New Guinea press questioning the justification for PNG's relations with the People's Republic.
The embassy statement insisted that relations between the two countries were mutually beneficial, reasserted Chinese claims to Taiwan, and concluded: "It is our sincere hope that the local [PNG] media will report on China and its relations with PNG in a just and objective way, so as to further enhance the mutual understanding and friendship between the peoples of our two countries. The diplomatic relations between China and Samoa were established in In the late s, China began sending doctors to the Samoan National Hospital, and sent over a hundred over the following two decades.
In March , following unrest in Tibet , the speaker of the Samoan Fono legislative assembly , Tolofuaivalelei Falemoe Leiataua, stated that foreign leaders should not interfere with China as it deals with "internal affairs", and that they should not meet the Dalai Lama. In June , Samoa announced it would be opening diplomatic missions in China and Japan - the country's first diplomatic offices in Asia.
In , the Chinese government-funded China-Samoa Agricultural Demonstration Farm was established in Nu'u with an aim "to train the Samoan farmers on voluntary basis through Chinese agricultural planting techniques". About Samoan farmers received training from Chinese agricultural experts. In , 57 Samoan students were studying in China on a Chinese government sponsorship. Relations with Tonga were first established in This followed alleged complaints from other shopkeepers regarding competition from local Chinese.
The Tongan government decided not to renew the work permits of over Chinese storekeepers, and admitted the decision was in response to "widespread anger at the growing presence of the storekeepers". That same year, however, Tonga and China decided to strengthen their "military relations". In April , Tongan King George Tupou V visited China, reaffirmed his country's adherence to the "One China" policy, and, according to the Chinese State news agency Xinhua , "supported the measures adopted to handle the incident in Lhasa ".
Xinhua stated that China and Tonga have "fruitful cooperation in politics, economy, trade, agriculture and education, and kept a sound coordination in regional and international affairs". Simultaneously, the International Monetary Fund warned Tonga was "facing debt distress", a "very high possibility that Tonga [would] be unable to service its debts in the future". In , Vanuatu signed an economic cooperation agreement with China , whereby the latter was to assist Vanuatu's economic development, and remove tariffs on imports from Vanuatu.
China also added Vanuatu to its list of approved tourism destinations for Chinese tourists. Ni-Vanuatu trade minister James Bule said his country had also requested China's assistance "in supplying machines so we can establish a plant in Vanuatu to produce bio fuel". China has 14 neighbouring nations by land, and 7 neighbours by sea.
Only Russia has as many neighbouring nations 14 by land, 12 by sea. Many disputes have arisen and resolved and many yet are undetermined.
Recently these issues have been politicized by the U. However, it does not have diplomatic relations with 14 UN member states, nor with the Holy See. On 13 June , President of Panama declared that diplomatic relations between the Republic of Panama and the People's Republic of China had been established.
The following countries do not recognize the People's Republic of China. Instead, these countries recognize the Republic of China. See China-Holy See relations. Territorial disputes with other countries include: . Territorial disputes listed above as between the PRC and ROC "Taiwan" stems from the question of which government is the legitimate government of China.
The Republic of China which views itself as the successor state of the Qing Dynasty did not renounce any territory which fell under de facto control of other states i. Mongolia , but has largely been a non-participant in enforcing these claims. The People's Republic of China which inherited the claims has settled a number of such disputes with Mongolia and Russia via bilateral treaties, not recognized by the Republic of China.
In this respect, the territorial disputes between the PRC and neighboring countries may be considered a subset of those between the ROC and said countries. Bloomberg News reports that these disputes are undermining China's attempts to charm its neighbors away from American influence. China has made double digit percentage increases in its military budget for many years, though as a percentage of its fast growing GDP falling from 1. In May , U. Refugees by country of origin are: , from Vietnam , estimated 30,, from North Korea. China is a source, transit, and destination country for human trafficking.
United States Department of State Tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - "China failed to show evidence of increasing efforts to address transnational trafficking; while the government provides reasonable protection to internal victims of trafficking, protection for Chinese and foreign victims of transnational trafficking remain inadequate.
Chinese drug laws are very harsh, and the death sentence for traffickers is not unusual. Many foreigners have been sentenced to death in China for drug trafficking. China has signed numerous international conventions and treaties. Treaties signed on behalf of China before are applicable only to the Republic of China on Taiwan. China is a major transshipment point for heroin produced in the Golden Triangle region of Southeast Asia. There is a growing domestic drug abuse problem and it is a source country for chemical precursors , despite new regulations on its large chemical industry.
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States that have diplomatic relations with the PRC. States that have diplomatic relations with the ROC or none. Country's disputed areas. Communist Party. Top-ranked secretary : Wang Huning. Chairman : Xi Jinping. Vice-Chairmen :. Office Chief: Ding Xuexiang. Director: Xi Jinping. Secretary-General: Wang Huning. Deputy Director: Li Keqiang. Office Chief: Liu He. United Front. Scientific Outlook on Development. Harmonious Socialist Society.
Constitution Law. Constitution Previous constitutions President list : Xi Jinping. Presidential spouse : Peng Liyuan. Vice-President : Wang Qishan. Secretary-General : Xiao Jie. National Defense Mobilization Commission. Chairman : Li Keqiang. Minister : Wei Fenghe. Judiciary Law enforcement. Secretary: Guo Shengkun. President : Zhou Qiang. Prosecutor General : Zhang Jun. Minister: Zhao Kezhi State Councilor.
Minister: Chen Wenqing. Minister: Fu Zhenghua. Director: Wang Huning. Deputy Director: Huang Kunming. Head: Huang Kunming. Deputy director: Li Keqiang. Director: Xu Lin. Hong Kong Macau. Cross-Strait relations. Foreign relations. Related topics. Administrative divisions Hukou system Family planning Ethnic minorities Communism. Other countries Atlas. See also: Made in China Main article: Belt and Road Initiative. Members of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.
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The six Belt and Road corridors. Maritime silk road. Main article: China—United States trade war. Main article: Dates of establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China. Main article: Africa—China relations. Main article: Africa—China economic relations.
See also: China—Latin America relations. Further information: Caribbean—China relations. Main article: Barbados—China relations. Main article: China—Cuba relations. Main article: China—United States relations. See also: Sino-Arab relations. Main article: China—South Korea relations. Main article: Bangladesh—China relations. Main articles: Foreign relations of Pakistan and China—Pakistan relations. See also: China—Pakistan Economic Corridor. This section contains wording that promotes the subject in a subjective manner without imparting real information.
Please remove or replace such wording and instead of making proclamations about a subject's importance, use facts and attribution to demonstrate that importance. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: China—Sri Lanka relations. See also: Bamboo network and China—Malaysia relations. See also: China—European Union relations.
Main article: Sino-Pacific relations. Main article: Australia—China relations. Main article: China—Fiji relations. Main article: China—New Zealand relations. Main article: China—Tonga relations. Main article: China—Vanuatu relations. Main article: China and the United Nations. Main article: Human trafficking in China. Main article: Illegal drug trade in China. China portal. Retrieved 19 February BBC News. Retrieved 13 July Beijing and Taipei often trade insults over which is using "dollar diplomacy" in the form of offers of aid or cheap loans to curry influence around the world.
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