Can cause heart failure , addictive. Anabolic agents - steroids.
Help athletes to train harder and build muscle. Increased aggression and kidney damage. Remove fluid from the body. Used to make the weight, eg in boxing and to hide other drug use. Causes severe dehydration. Narcotic analgesics. Mask pain caused by injury or fatigue which can make the injury worse. Peptides and hormones. Louis Cardinals, breaking the single-season home run record in In , he admitted using steroids over the course of a decade but told Bob Costas in an interview he took them only for health reasons.
Drug scandals in sports — Ross Rebagliati won a gold medal during the first year of snowboarding at the Olympics. He was stripped of the medal after testing positive for the active ingredient in marijuana. It became fodder for late-night talk show jokes, but Rebagliati eventually got his medal back after it was determined marijuana was not a banned substance. Drug scandals in sports — A winner of eight Grand Slam events, Andre Agassi was considered one of the most dominant tennis players of the s. In , the tennis pro acknowledged in his autobiography that he had failed a drug test for methamphetamine in but skirted punishment by blaming an assistant.
Drug scandals in sports — Regarded as the best soccer player after Pele, Diego Maradona was known for his deft footwork and knack for finding the net. In , he was suspended for 15 months after testing positive for cocaine. He would later admit he was addicted to the drug for about 20 years and began using when he was playing for Barcelona in the s.
Drugs in sport
Drug scandals in sports — A prolific sprinter in the s, Canadian Ben Johnson routinely bested American Carl Lewis in the meter dash. After winning the gold at Seoul in , Johnson tested positive for a steroid. His coach said Johnson took the drugs to keep up with other athletes and later wrote a book saying all top athletes were using in those days. About Performance-Enhancing Drugs: There are several types of performance-enhancing drugs, including anabolic steroids, stimulants, human growth hormone and diuretics.
Anabolic steroids are natural and synthetic substances which help build muscle mass, enabling athletes to train harder and recover quickly from strenuous workouts. Tetrahydrogestrinone, also known as THG or the Clear, is a powerful steroid purportedly used by such high profile athletes as track star Marion Jones and baseball player Barry Bonds. Stimulants, including amphetamines, impact the central nervous system, increasing alertness and decreasing appetite. Human growth hormone HGH is taken for improved endurance and strength. Androstenedione is a supplement that was sold over-the-counter until the FDA took action in The supplement is an anabolic steroid precursor, meaning that the body converts it into testosterone.
Diuretics are banned because they can be abused to mask other drugs in urine tests, and they are also taken to achieve rapid weight loss. CNN Explains: Performance-enhancing drugs In the book, Canseco recounts his own steroid use and implicates other players. Former US Sen.
Drugs in sport - NPS MedicineWise
George Mitchell will lead the investigation. Gatlin is also forced to forfeit his meter world record. May - Tour de France winner Bjarne Riis admits using performance-enhancing drugs to win his title. Race organizers tell him to return his yellow first-place jersey. September 20, - Cyclist Floyd Landis is stripped of his Tour de France title and he is banned for two years after a positive test for synthetic testosterone. December 13, - The Mitchell Report is released. February - Former New York Mets clubhouse employee Kirk Radomski is sentenced to five years probation after pleading guilty to distributing steroids.
February - Alex Rodriguez admits to using performance-enhancing drugs while playing for the Texas Rangers. January - McGwire admits to using steroids during his career. February - Three-time Tour de France winner Alberto Contador is stripped of his title for doping. Armstrong denies the charges. August - American cyclist Tyler Hamilton is stripped of his gold medal from the Olympics after he admits to doping. July - Ryan Braun of the Milwaukee Brewers is suspended without pay for the rest of the season for violating the league's drug policy.
August - Anthony Bosch, the founder of a Miami anti-aging clinic, surrenders to the Drug Enforcement Administration. He later pleads guilty to a charge of distributing steroids to athletes. His sentence is four years in federal prison. The agreement calls for HGH testing and an overhaul of the drug program. January - Kenya's Rita Jeptoo, a three-time Boston Marathon champion, is banned from competition for two years for doping.
September - The DEA announces that 90 people have been arrested and 16 underground steroid labs have been shut down in a sweeping drug bust called Operation Cyber Juice. November 9, - A WADA report details evidence of doping in Russian athletics and a "deeply rooted culture of cheating at all levels. March - At a press conference, tennis player Maria Sharapova admits to failing a drug test at the Australian Open.
She is initially suspended for two years, but the ban is later reduced to 15 months. On December 9, , WADA releases an update to the report concluding that a"systematic and centralized cover-up" benefited more than 1, Russian athletes across 30 sports. August 4, - The IOC announces that athletes from the member Russian Olympic team have been cleared to participate in the Rio Olympics. The rest of the team - athletes - are banned in the wake of the doping scandal. August 7, - A swimmer from the Chinese Olympic team tests positive for a banned substance called hydrochlorothiazide, a blood pressure drug that doubles as a diuretic.
August 11, - John Anzrah, a sprint coach for the Kenyan Olympic team, is sent home after allegedly posing as an athlete to take a drug test.
He is the second Kenyan running coach to face allegations that he tried to help athletes cheat on doping tests. Michael Rotich, the team's track and field manager, reportedly tried to bribe undercover journalists posing as coaches, offering to pay them in exchange for advance warning about drug tests. August 24, - The International Weightlifting Federation reports that 15 Olympic weightlifters, including three Chinese gold medalists, have tested positive for illegal growth hormones and other banned substances in doping retests. January 25, - The IOC rules that Usain Bolt's gold medal in the 4xm relay no longer counts after one of his teammates tests positive for methylhexaneamine, a banned substance.
May - The author of two pioneering reports on Russian doping tells CNN that he has received threatening emails in the wake of his investigation.
June 29, - Michelle Payne, a Melbourne Cup-winning jockey, is banned from competing for four weeks after failing a drug test. December 5, - The IOC announces that Russia is banned from the Winter Olympics in South Korea because of the country's "systematic manipulation" of anti-doping rules. However, Russian athletes who can prove that they are clean will be "invited" to compete.
Australian Sports Anti-doping Authority - ASADA
The ban is the most wide ranging punishment ever meted out by the IOS on a participating country. February 1, - The Court of Arbitration for Sport overturns lifetime bans on 28 Russian athletes accused of doping, making them eligible to compete in the Winter Olympics. In 11 additional cases, the athletes are suspended from participating in the Winter Olympics but they are cleared to compete in future events as the court rules that lifetime bans were not justified.